[OS X TeX] Diacritic accents directly in source file

Juan Manuel Palacios jmpalacios at mac.com
Thu Nov 7 20:35:21 EST 2002

	Hello Cyril, all this info is very enlightening. Today I was 
debating myself with a friend on the pros and cons of using Unicode and 
all this talk about it has left me wondering about it. Is there a way to 
get the Mac OS to automatically encode all text files in Unicode or is 
that a text editor related feature? Can it be done through TeXShop? What 
does exactly the line "%!iTeXMac(charset): UTF-8" do, is it exclusive to 
iMacTeX or does it force editors in general to encode in Unicode?

	On the other hand, what exactly is lambda and how do I use it? I 
know you told me you are not that much of a master on it but if you got 
it to work then you certainly know more about it than me! Can lambda 
just typeset any LaTeX document without a hiccup as if it were a natural 
replacement? And finally, why would I use it instead of LaTeX?

	Thanks for the info again and please excuse the endless row of 



On Thursday, November 7, 2002, at 08:11  AM, Cyril Niklaus wrote:

> On Jeudi, novembre 7, 2002, at 07:02 PM, Luis Sequeira wrote:
>> I think it is likely that if you use
>> \usepackage[applemac]{inputenc}
>> then your file will not look well if viewed in another operating
>> system but *should* typeset just fine.
> Yes indeed it will, but should you need to edit it, you're stuck. 
> That's why William Adams' suggestion to use UTF8 is *the* solution to 
> this particular problem. Your files are then readable, editable on any 
> machine (but here comes the trick) provided its system understands 
> Unicode (all modern systems do), and you have a unicode-aware editor 
> (on the mac you can use iMacTeX, using this as a first line to your 
> files to indicate the file encoding: "%!iTeXMac(charset): UTF-8", 
> without the quotes). I personally use emacs since tools I need exist 
> for it.
> To use Unicode, you then will need to use Omega (included in the LaTeX 
> distributions), instead of LaTeX to typeset. The main problem of Omega 
> is its lack of documentation, so I can't help you much more 
> unfortunately. I found the extensions I needed to use it, and my set-up 
> works. I don't have the time now to dwell in it unfortunately and since 
> I got it to work...
> Here's a  document in transcribed Sanskrit (an example I've already 
> used on another list, I know; I'm partial to this book I guess ;) to 
> give you an idea:
> %!iTeXMac(charset): UTF-8
> \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article}
> \usepackage{t1enc,skt-rm}
> \begin{document}
> Voilà un example tiré du Kāmasūtra:\\
> "śaśo vṛṣo 'śva iti liṅgato nāyaka-viśeṣāḥ nāyikā punar mṛgī baḍavā 
> hastinī ceti |" \\
> Kāmasūtra 2.1.1
> \end{document}
> instead of having to type this :
> \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article}
> \usepackage{t1enc} %  used for the danda | a punctation mark.
> \begin{document}
> voil\`{a} un example tir\'{e} du K\={a}mas\={u}tra: \\
> ``\'{s}a\'{s}o v\d{r}\d{s}o '\'{s}va iti li\.{n}gato 
> n\={a}yakavi\'{s}e\d{s}\={a}\d{h} n\={a}yik\={a} punar m\d{r}g\={\i} 
> ba\d{d}av\={a} hastin\={\i} ceti |'' \\
> K\={a}mas\={u}tra 2.1.1
> \end{document}
> all the time, rendering source files hard to read.
> The utf package I use is from here (it works fine for normal European 
> accentuated letters too)
> <http://www.indologie.uni-halle.de/software/utf.htm>, and you don't 
> need to install the fonts. Just drop as is in your local texmf tree, 
> run texhash, and go.
> Good luck
> Cyril
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