# [OS X TeX] Diacritic accents directly in source file

Juan Manuel Palacios jmpalacios at mac.com
Thu Nov 7 20:35:21 EST 2002



Hello Cyril, all this info is very enlightening. Today I was
debating myself with a friend on the pros and cons of using Unicode and
all this talk about it has left me wondering about it. Is there a way to
get the Mac OS to automatically encode all text files in Unicode or is
that a text editor related feature? Can it be done through TeXShop? What
does exactly the line "%!iTeXMac(charset): UTF-8" do, is it exclusive to
iMacTeX or does it force editors in general to encode in Unicode?

On the other hand, what exactly is lambda and how do I use it? I
know you told me you are not that much of a master on it but if you got
it to work then you certainly know more about it than me! Can lambda
just typeset any LaTeX document without a hiccup as if it were a natural
replacement? And finally, why would I use it instead of LaTeX?

Thanks for the info again and please excuse the endless row of
questions!

Regards,...

Juan.

On Thursday, November 7, 2002, at 08:11  AM, Cyril Niklaus wrote:

>
> On Jeudi, novembre 7, 2002, at 07:02 PM, Luis Sequeira wrote:
>> I think it is likely that if you use
>> \usepackage[applemac]{inputenc}
>> then your file will not look well if viewed in another operating
>> system but *should* typeset just fine.
> Yes indeed it will, but should you need to edit it, you're stuck.
> That's why William Adams' suggestion to use UTF8 is *the* solution to
> this particular problem. Your files are then readable, editable on any
> machine (but here comes the trick) provided its system understands
> Unicode (all modern systems do), and you have a unicode-aware editor
> (on the mac you can use iMacTeX, using this as a first line to your
> files to indicate the file encoding: "%!iTeXMac(charset): UTF-8",
> without the quotes). I personally use emacs since tools I need exist
> for it.
>
> To use Unicode, you then will need to use Omega (included in the LaTeX
> distributions), instead of LaTeX to typeset. The main problem of Omega
> is its lack of documentation, so I can't help you much more
> unfortunately. I found the extensions I needed to use it, and my set-up
> works. I don't have the time now to dwell in it unfortunately and since
> I got it to work...
>
> Here's a  document in transcribed Sanskrit (an example I've already
> used on another list, I know; I'm partial to this book I guess ;) to
> give you an idea:
>
> %!iTeXMac(charset): UTF-8
> \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article}
> \usepackage{t1enc,skt-rm}
> \begin{document}
> Voilà un example tiré du Kāmasūtra:\\
> "śaśo vṛṣo 'śva iti liṅgato nāyaka-viśeṣāḥ nāyikā punar mṛgī baḍavā
> hastinī ceti |" \\
> Kāmasūtra 2.1.1
> \end{document}
>
> instead of having to type this :
>
> \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article}
> \usepackage{t1enc} %  used for the danda | a punctation mark.
> \begin{document}
> voil\{a} un example tir\'{e} du K\={a}mas\={u}tra: \\
> \'{s}a\'{s}o v\d{r}\d{s}o '\'{s}va iti li\.{n}gato
> n\={a}yakavi\'{s}e\d{s}\={a}\d{h} n\={a}yik\={a} punar m\d{r}g\={\i}
> ba\d{d}av\={a} hastin\={\i} ceti |'' \\
> K\={a}mas\={u}tra 2.1.1
> \end{document}
>
> all the time, rendering source files hard to read.
> The utf package I use is from here (it works fine for normal European
> accentuated letters too)
> <http://www.indologie.uni-halle.de/software/utf.htm>, and you don't
> need to install the fonts. Just drop as is in your local texmf tree,
> run texhash, and go.
>
> Good luck
> Cyril
>
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