[OS X TeX] Re: "! LaTeX Error: No counter 'a' defined."
John B. Thoo
jthoo at yccd.edu
Mon Dec 20 23:06:06 EST 2010
Thank you, Herb S and Don G D, for your replies.
On Dec 19, 2010, at 12:00 PM, <macosx-tex-request at email.esm.psu.edu> <macosx-tex-request at email.esm.psu.edu> wrote:
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 4
> Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2010 20:14:59 -0600
> From: Herbert Schulz <herbs at wideopenwest.com>
>
> Well, it looks like something in that chapter is a culprit do you're making some progress.
Reminiscent of trying to pin down a control panel conflict in ye ole Mac operating systems, I divided the suspect file "ch_numthry.tex" into two parts, A1 and B1, and typeset with only one part. If only B1 caused errors, e.g., then I divided B1 into two parts, A2 and B2, and typeset with only one part. Continuing in this way, I narrowed down this piece of code that causes the errors:
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% begin rogue code %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{figure}
\subfigure[Spiral in Fibonacci rectangles.]{%
\begin{tikzpicture}
\pgftransformscale{0.4}
% \draw[very thin,color=gray] (0,0) grid (15,10);
\draw[color=lightgray] (10,6) rectangle (11,7);
\draw[color=lightgray] (9,6) rectangle (10,7);
\draw[color=lightgray] (9,7) rectangle (11,9);
\draw[color=lightgray] (11,6) rectangle (14,9);
\draw[color=lightgray] (9,1) rectangle (14,6);
\draw[color=lightgray] (1,1) rectangle (9,9);
\draw (11,7) arc (0:-90:1);
\draw (10,6) arc (-90:-180:1);
\draw (9,7) arc (180:90:2);
\draw (11,9) arc (90:0:3);
\draw (14,6) arc (0:-90:5);
\draw (9,1) arc (-90:-180:8);
\end{tikzpicture}
}
\qquad
\subfigure[Golden spiral.]{%
%% Modified code copied from
%% <http://www.texample.net/tikz/examples/fibonacci-spiral/>
%%
\begin{tikzpicture}%[background rectangle/.style={fill=black},
% show background rectangle]
\pgftransformscale{0.35}
% Create some counters for holding the Fibonacci numbers
\newcounter{a}
\newcounter{b}
\newcounter{temp}
% Initialize the counters
\setcounter{a}{0}
\setcounter{b}{1}
% The spiral will start at the origin
\coordinate (0) at (0,0);
% This loop defines the number of turns in the spiral. Note that we
% will have to be careful not to overflow our counters or make the
% spiral too large for TeX to handle. This is easy to do as the
% Fibonacci sequence grows exponentially.
\foreach \i in {1,...,18}
{
% Get the "name" of the last point on the spiral
\pgfmathsetmacro{\lastpoint}{\i-1}
% Compute the angle for this turn of the spiral
% \pgfmathsetmacro{\startangle}{mod(\i-1,4) * 90}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\startangle}{mod(\i-1,4) * -90}
% Draw this turn of the spiral and remember the point where we end
% \draw[white] (\lastpoint) arc
\draw (\lastpoint) arc
% (\startangle : \startangle + 90 : \value{b}/10.0pt) coordinate (\i);
(\startangle : \startangle - 90 : \value{b}/10.0pt) coordinate (\i);
% Compute the next Fibonacci number
\setcounter{temp}{\value{b}}
\addtocounter{b}{\value{a}}
\setcounter{a}{\value{temp}}
}
% Add some framing for the spiral while at the same time not "boxing"
% it in. Note that to put a square around each turn of the spiral we
% could have just used the command \draw[white] (\lastpoint)
% rectangle (\i); after drawing each turn in the loop above.
\foreach \i in {1,3,...,17}
{
\pgfmathsetmacro{\lastpoint}{\i-1}
% \draw[white] (\lastpoint) -| (\i);
\draw[color=lightgray] (\lastpoint) -| (\i);
}
\foreach \i in {2,4,...,16}
{
\pgfmathsetmacro{\lastpoint}{\i-1}
% \draw[white] (\lastpoint) |- (\i);
\draw[color=lightgray] (\lastpoint) |- (\i);
}
% \draw[white] (17) -- (17 |- 18);
\draw[color=lightgray] (17) -- (17 |- 18);
% % Add some text displaying the formula for the Fibonacci numbers
% \node(eq) at ($(18) + (2.5,1)$)
% [white,text width = 2cm,font=\fontsize{8}{8}\selectfont] {
% \begin{displaymath}
% f(n) = \left\{
% \begin{array}{lr}
% 0 & \text{~~if } n = 0\\
% 1 & \text{~~if } n = 1\\
% f(n-1) + f(n-2) & \text{~~if } n \geq 2\\
% \end{array}
% \right.
% \end{displaymath}
% };
\end{tikzpicture}
}
\caption{A spiral drawn inside Fibonacci rectangles and a golden spiral drawn inside golden rectangles.}
\label{fig.numthry:goldenspiral}
\end{figure}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% end rogue code %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
Recall that the errors were
! LaTeX Error: No counter 'a' defined.
! LaTeX Error: No counter 'b' defined.
! LaTeX Error: No counter 'temp' defined.
Also recall that in the preamble I declare
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.pathreplacing} % load tikz decorations library
\usetikzlibrary{calc} % load the tikz calc library
But I do not know how to fix the code. Any suggestions on fixing this piece of code would be appreciated. Thanks.
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 7
> Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2010 20:33:40 -0700
> From: Don Green Dragon <fergdc at Shaw.ca>
>
> According to George Gratzer's book "More Math into LaTeX", on page 4 he states:
>
> "The name of a LaTeX source file should be one word (no spaces, no special characters), and end with .tex."
>
>> From your error messages, it appears that you have a source file (for example) <ch.geom.tex> (without < and >) and that first occurrence of '.' may be the culprit. Each of the error messages appears to be complaining about an \include line.
>
> Did you try the suggestion made by Ross Moore?
I replaced all the extra '.' in the filenames with '_'. So, e.g., "ch.numthry.tex" is now "ch_numthry.tex". Thanks.
Thank you all again.
---John.
(who receives the digest)
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