[OS X TeX] Computer Modern in a Mac program
doug at mathemaesthetics.com
Sat Oct 27 23:04:46 EDT 2012
This isn't quite a direct TeX question, but I was hoping somebody
familiar with Mac innards and TeX fonts might know the answer. It's
about (I think) making Computer Modern fonts available to other Mac
In a Mac program I'm working on, I'm trying to draw a mathematical sigma
summation glyph to the screen. So I thought I'd try to reproduce exactly
the summation sign used in TeX (MacOS 10.6, TeXLive 2010 via TeXShop) and
its Compuer Modern typeface, as this font has a long history of being a
good one for math.
The character code for the glyph is (hex) "58, as I found in some font
encoding documentation for the math extension font whose metrics are kept
Using plaintex/pdftex, I ran a source file containing the display:
The job's log file then says that the font used was "cmex10.pfb" (found
down in the ./amsfonts/cm/ folder in my ./texlive/ tree). Not knowing
what this was, I soon researched it to find that it's a PostScript Font
Binary file, presumably glyph definitions that parallel the metric
information in "cmex10.tfm".
I'm not using LaTeX, so there's none of the extra layers of font encoding
that complicates things even more. So that means that pdftex is somehow
directly converting the internal origal reference to "cmex10.tfm"
(presumably preloaded by plaintex) into a "cmex10.pfb" file reference.
Well, my Mac font system doesn't know about this file, and doesn't know
about ".pfb" files either. I tried putting a copy of this file into my
~/Library/Fonts/ folder, but FontBook didn't show any change.
So using a web utility that I found, I (allegedly) converted a copy of
the "cmex10.pfb" file into an OpenType font file, "cmex10.otf", and then
dropped it into my ~/Library/Fonts folder. Just to be sure, I rebooted.
Re-opening FontBook then showed a new entry for "Computer Modern", with a
style of "Medium". It reported no errors verifying the font. The
information internally said its official name was "CMEX10", the language
"Greek", etc. But the Fontbook window showed only about 10 or so glyphs,
one of which is the summation/sigma glyph.
My conundrum is that even though it's now visible to FontBook and
presumably the rest of the Mac's tools and APIs, I don't know how to
access that font and glyph from my Mac program. I've tried to change the
current font in Core Graphics using the differing names "Computer
Modern", "Computer Modern-Medium" and "CMEX10", but to no avail. The CG
function doesn't find the font, so it chooses some default font, where
the glyph found for "58 is the usual ASCII 'X' character. It then draws
an 'X' in my program's window. Not what I want.
There's just too much stuff going on silently in various places under the
hood to be able to know what step I've missed or otherwise what to do.
It's gotta be something simple, right?
Any elucidation and/or advices would be appreciated. Thanks.
More information about the MacOSX-TeX